by HL5PWR 안경민님 의 글에서)
해외 신예 트랜시버 리뷰 두번째 글월로,
Japan Radio Company의 JST-135HP 기종의 사용 소감입니다.
필자는 미국의 햄으로, CQ Amature Radio 잡지의 기술 위원으로
계신다나요...그런데, 너무 선전문구 같이... 칭찬만 한 글이라... 평범한 독자가
무조건 받아들이면, 오히려 판단에 혼선을 줄 정도...
Specification 에 나오는 필터의 shape factor는 3 : 1 이상으로
나오는데, 옵션 기능인 BWC 를 안달면, 혼신 가능성이 있어보이고...
정확한 Dynamic Range 에 대한 언급조차 없어 섭섭합니다...
이곳 햄동에 계시는 분 중에도 직접 이 기종을 운용 중이신 분이
이 글에 추가로 개인적인 사용 소감을 올려주시면 감사하겠습니다...
우리 모두 자그만한 정보라도... 나누어 가집시다...
더불어 사는 멋진 공동체를 우리 손으로 꾸며 나아갑시다.
정보의 공유를 통해, 대화와 자정 작용을 아울러 갖추도록 노력합시다...
The JRC JST-135HP TRANSCEIVER
BY Lew McCoy, W1ICP
The JST-135HP is manufactured by Japan Radio Corporation, and while the
company is not too well known in the amateur market, they make extremely fine
equipment for the entire communications field. The JST-135HP is an HF amateur
transceiver that is exceptionally well designed and has proven to be an outstanding
performer. I had a chance to use the unit for several months and gave it a through
workout. I was very impressed by its performance.
I really don't like the cliche " bells and whistles" but this
unit has them all, as you will see. The receiver provides complete coverage
from 100 kHz through 30 MHz continuously and operates all modes, LSB, USB, CW,
AM, AFSK, and FM. It employs a various tuning system, the same as used in their
commercial equipment. The receiver provides microprocessor-controlled preselection
of the receiver front end, which reduces undesired out-of-band signals. I found
that any "birdies" present were not worth mentioning.
Going to the transmit side for a moment, the unit employs a
special, heavy-duty heat sink which provides continuous full-power transmission
on all bands 160 through 10, including the WARC bands. This means exactly what
it says : AMTOR, RTTY, and other key-down continuous -duty modes can be used
at full power (150 watts out).
The frequency synthesizer is composed of two phase-locked loops (PLLs)
plus two direct-digital-synthesizer(DDS) circuits. These provide truefull break-in
capabilities ( high-speed transmit / receive switching ).
The transmitter uses a low-distortion power amplifier which features a
large combiner transformer. Its class A driver stage uses the same transistor
as the final stage in order to reduce any third- or higher-order intermodulation
products. The low-pass filter in the output uses Chebyshev-type filters to supress
The JST-135 CPU offers various methods of frequency control for the user.
Dual VFOs are available, as are 200(!!) memory channels plus advanced scan and frequency
sweep functions. Remote control by personal computer is available with an optional
I am a firm believer in good selectivity. There is plenty of crowding
on the bands these days, and it is going to get worse- no doubt about that.
The one item that impressed me the most was the advanced interfering signal
rejection techniques used in this transceiver. First, there is a BANDWIDTH CONTROL
(BWC) available (front pannel) whereby the passband of any selected IF filter
can be narrowed by up to 800 Hz in 10 kHz steps. Also, another control is the
PBS (Pass Band Shift), where the apparent center frequency of the IF filter
can be adjusted up or down in frequency. Also, we have a Notch filter and Notch
Filter Follower, which is an IF that eliminates beat interference adjacent to
a desired signal. The notch filter can also remain locked on an interfering
signal during VFO tuning when the notch-filter function is selected via a keypad. When you put all of the above
together, there isn't much one can ask for in the way of additional selectivity.
The Noise Blanker is designed to eliminate ignition-type noise.
It also works well on over-the-horizon radar. I used it extensively for 10 meter
operation, and it proved very effective on neighborhood automotive noise.
Another feature is the ECSS (Exalted Carrier Selectable Sideband)
mode, where by reception of AM broadcast signals is enhanced. Carrier relation
distortion is eliminated or reduced, and selection of either upper or lower
sideband of the double sideband AM signal is possible, allowing the user to
choose the sideband with the least amount of interference.
Table I - Specifications of the JST-135HP
Receiver frequency range: 100 kHz to 30 MHz.
Modes of operatiom: LSB, USB, FM, AM, CW, and AFSK
Frequency stability: less than +/- 0.5 ppm
SSB : 10 Hz, 20 Hz, or 100 Hz
AM : 10 Hz, 100 Hz, 1kHz, 5 kHz, 9 or 10 kHz
FM : 10 Hz, 100 Hz, 1 kHz, 5 kHz, 10 kHz, 12.5 kHz,
20 kHz or 40 kHz.
Memory capacity : 200 channels
Weight : about 8.5 kg
Power output : 10 to 150W, continuously adjustable.
Carrier Supression : 50 dB or more.
Undesired Sideband Supression : 60 dB or more.
Receiving system : Triple superheterodyne
1st IF : 70.455 kHz
2nd IF : 455 kHz
3rd IF : 98 kHz
Image rejection : 70 dB or more
IF rejection : 70 dB or more
-6 dB : 2 kHz or more
-60 dB : 6 kHz or less
CW, AFSK(NAR) :
-6 dB : 1 kHz or more
-60 dB : 3 kHz or less
AM, FM(INT) :
-6dB : 6 kHz or more
-60 dB : 18 kHz or less
AM, FM(WIDE) :
-6 dB : 12 kHz or more
RIT Range : +/- 10 kHz
PBS Range : +/- 1 kHz
BWC Minimum Bandwidth : Approximately 800 Hz
- some of the meaningful features are selected by soagga...
Table I shows the specifications for the transceiver,
and as one can see from studying the specs, this is strictly a high performance
transceiver. In my lab tests the unit met or exceeded all of the manufactured
specifications. One point worth mentioning: I have noticed in the past
with some transceivers that their power output ratings for 10 meters sometimes
fall a bit short of what they state. The ratings on this transceiver are for
150 watts output on all bands. My carefull tests actually showed slightly more
out than rated on 10 meters and the lower bands. However, the company rating
is for 150 watts out - continuous, key down, condition. In actual use it takes
considerable time to get used to all the controls. The instruction manual
is well written and very extensive, including many pages of circuit diagrams
(not that anyone in his right mind would attempt to service such a unit). I
might add here that plug-in boards are used extensively through out the transceiver,
making service much simpler. The manual takes the userthrough careful step-by-step
instructions for tuning the receiver and particularly the selectivity functions.
The receiver is triple superheterodyne with IFs at 70.455 MHz, 455 kHz,
and 98 kHz for the third IF. The sensitivity figures given in the specs (Table
I) were equalled or exceeded in my tests. I carefully checked the receiver through
all its ranges for birdies and found a few, but they were so insignificant that
when an antenna was attached, they were difficult to find.
There are three tuning steps available particullary for use with SSB,
CW, and AFSK. These are not actually steps, but rather the rate at which the
tuning can be set. They are 10 Hz, 20 Hz, and 100 Hz. With the excellent selectivity
that is available, the 10 Hz tuning rate is quickly appreciated. Likewise with
the 100 kHz rate you want to move quickly from one end to another. Keep in mind
that this is a general-coverage receiver, so additional rates can beset for AM or FM. These include rates 10 Hz through
10 KHz for AM and 10 Hz through 40 kHz for FM. More on this feature in a moment.
The built-in computer and one set of controls do bear describing in some
detail. At the upper right-hand corner of the transceiver are three switches:
Freq(frequency), Channel, and Func/Ham. These are used in conjunction with the
keypad immediately below plus the tuning dial. For example, to set the various
tuning rates, first set the Func/Ham switch to ON, and then press 8/Step on
the keypad. Next set the desired mode. The current step rate will be displayed
on the LED display pannel. The rate can then be changed by turning the tuning
knob. Once selected, it is entered via the keypad and will remain that way untill
These same three switches and keyad are used to set a multitude of functions.
For example, there are 200 memory channels that can be entered and set via the
keypad - not only entered, but recalled.
The keypad and switches are used to set up the various scan operations
such as channel start and end numbers. The front-panel P.Level control is used
to set the pause level of the scan operation. The transceiver can be set to
stop on the desired level of signal strength.
The display also includes the meter, which has a straight-line fluorescent
scale and can check six different functions. In the FM mode, the meter is of
the center type, deflecting to the right when the center frequency of the received
signal is higher, and to the left when it is lower. As an S-meter it is scaled
from S1 to S9 + 50dB. When desired, the meter can be switched to show the collector
current of the final power amplifier transistors. In the SWR mode it shows relative
reflected power, and in the PO mode it shows relative power output. Last, in
the ALC position it shows ALC voltage during output.
The display also indicates Mode, Bandwidth (Narr, Inter, or Wide), Scan
Start and End, Sweep Start and Sweep End, AGC (indicating current AGC setting), and
TR1 and TR2(indicating split transceive operation). Also shown are TSQ(tone
squelch in operations), Shift(indicating the transceiver is in the shift mode
for repeater operation), and Remote(showing the transceiver is being controlled
by a computer). Still more are F1 and F2 (indicates which of the dual VFOs is
in operation), R.F1 and R.F2(indicates the frequency of either VFO in operation),
MR (memory channel in operation), ATT(indicating 20 dB attenuator in use), and
last, XMIT (showing transmission).
The power supply, NBD-520, is a separate unit(but included with the basic
transceiver package). As with the transceiver, it is extremely well constructed,
best described as top commercial grade.
It would also be pointless to show the circuit diagrams, simply because
they are so extensive. The one conclusion or recommendation
I would make here is that anyone seriously interested in this transceiver should call the company and purchase one of the instruction
manuals to study. The transceiver represents an appreciable investment. Don't
misunderstand. I feel it is well worth the money, and then some, but it is impossible
here to do justice to the equipment in a couple of pages.
There are many options available with the JST-135HP. (I did not test any
of these, but I feel the reader would beinterested in the specs.
First is the automatic antena tuner NFG-230, which handles 200 watts and
will match from any load from 5 to 1000 ohms to an SWR of less than 1.5 to 1.
It will do this in 2 to 4 seconds ( 1.8 to 30 MHz).
Another item that might interest many amateurs is their HF linear amplifier,
the JRL-1000. This has a frequency range of 1.8 through 30 MHz, rated input
is 2000 watts DC, and it uses 3 RCA 8122s.
On the receiving side, four additional crystal filters are available.
They are listed as 300 Hz, 500 Hz, 1.8 kHz, and 2.4 kHz( 6 dB band width).
I mentioned computer use with with an RS-232 interface. They show an RS-232C,
the CMH-74, which can be used to interface your personal computer.
The transceiver power requirements are 1.5 amps receiver, 33 amps transmit
at 13.8 VDC. The dimensions of the transceiver are 350 mm wide by 130 mm high
by 280 mm deep.
I used the transceiver extensively on every mode, including SSB, CW, RTTY,
AMTOR FM (10 meters), and even AM(on 10). I even went to another amateur's house
while a friend operated my station so I could check the actual audio quality
and speech compression mode for myself. I was much impressed by the speech quality
and the compression action. It is obvious that I like the
transceiver. ( I must admit I miss it after returning it to the company.)
List price of the transceiver is $3500. The unit is manufactured by Japan
Radio company, Ltd., 430 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10022(212-355-1180).
부산포에서 촌텡이 올림.